The artwork, monuments, and architecture of Ancient Egypt are world-renowned, and for good reason. But what few people know is that the Ancient Egyptians were also some of the most advanced mathematicians of their time. Through a combination of practicality and symbolism, mathematics formed an integral part of everyday life in Ancient Egypt. This article will take a deep dive into the Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics and how their use has impacted modern-day life.

The Ancient Egyptians used mathematics for practical purposes such as surveying land and building structures like the pyramids. They were already aware of basic principles such as the use of fractions and the calculation of areas. To calculate land area for tax purposes, Ancient Egyptians used a tool known as a ‘rope stretcher’. A rope was stretched between two posts in the ground, and a unit of measure was applied to the rope. This unit was the basis of the cubit, which is still used in some parts of the world today.

In addition to practical uses, Ancient Egyptians also used mathematics for symbolic reasons. The eye of Horus was one of the most powerful symbols of Ancient Egypt, and it was based on a scientific calculation of proportions. The lines of Horus created four parts, and the length of each part was calculated using fractions, with the length of the eye representing one-third. This later became known as the Golden Ratio, which is still used in some modern art and design.

The Ancient Egyptians also used mathematics to measure the passage of time, and their calculations are evidence of a highly developed understanding of the calendar. They developed the Sothic calendar, which was based on the cyclical motion of the stars and the relationship between the earth and the moon. This calendar was used to predict important dates such as the flooding of the Nile, which was essential for farming and food production.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has also been integral in the development of modern-day numeracy. Despite the fact that Ancient Egypt was a pre-literate society, they had a strong and sophisticated understanding of mathematics. This knowledge was passed down through generations and has influenced many aspects of modern mathematics.

The Ancient Egyptians were also skilled in the use of geometry, which they used to calculate the volume of objects and sections of objects. This form of mathematics was used to assess the dimensions of the Great Pyramid, as well as other monuments and structures. By calculating the ratio of length to width of an object, Ancient Egyptians were able to draw up accurate 3D plans with precision.

The Ancient Egyptians’ extensive use and knowledge of mathematics has continued to have an influence on the world today. The detailed calculations used by the Ancient Egyptians formed the basis of the measurement system still used in commerce today. Through use of the cubit, Ancient Egyptians were able to produce consistent measurements of length, width, and height that are still used today.

## Division and Multiplication

Ancient Egyptians were also skilled in both division and multiplication. They were able to perform calculations to find the fractional parts of a whole. This form of mathematics was used to measure objects of different sizes and shapes, and to assess the quantity of resources available.

One of the most remarkable discoveries from Ancient Egyptian mathematics was their knowledge of calculating fractions, which was used to determine the division of resources, property, and taxes. They were also able to use fractions to calculate the area of triangles, which was important in the construction of the great pyramids and other grand monuments.

In addition to division, Ancient Egyptians used multiplication to calculate large quantities. They had already discovered the concept of a multiplication table, which was essential in the construction of large monuments. By calculating amounts needed and employing an efficient way of keeping track, Ancient Egyptians could ensure construction projects stayed on time and on budget.

The Ancient Egyptians were greatly accomplished in mathematics when compared to other civilizations of their time. Though their use of mathematics was not developed to the level of modern day uses, Ancient Egyptians had a thorough understanding of the basics of mathematics as well as fractions and the concept of zero. This level of understanding is remarkable considering the time period.

## Abacus and other forms of mathematics

Ancient Egyptians also used an Abacus to perform basic calculations, but were also able to solve more complex problems with the use of geometry. By combining mathematics and geometry, Ancient Egyptians were able to construct complex plans, calculate the volumes of objects and shapes, measure land areas, and set taxes.

By creating equations and geometric shapes, Ancient Egyptians were able to calculate the area of circles, the volumes of squares and cubes, and the length of arcs. This was essential in constructing their pyramids, and also helped them develop their understanding of mathematics. This form of mathematics was also used to plot points on a map.

In addition to the Abacus, Ancient Egyptians used other forms of mathematics, such as compass geometry. This form of mathematics allowed them to trace the distance from one place to another, as well as calculate the circumference of a circle. This form of mathematics was especially useful in the construction of large monuments.

The Ancient Egyptians were also skilled in arithmetic, which they used to calculate the cost of goods, calculate taxes, and measure distances. This form of math was used to evaluate the value of items, size of land, and to determine the cost of a voyage or a journey. This form of mathematics was essential for the success of the Ancient Egyptians.

## Impact on modern society

The knowledge of mathematics the Ancient Egyptians had is evidence that they were keen thinkers and their work has had a great influence on modern society. It is no surprise that their use of mathematics has played an important role in the development of the modern day world. Through the use of fractions and equations, Ancient Egyptians were able to build grand monuments and assess the quantity and cost of resources.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has also had an influence on modern day art and design. Studies into the Golden Ratio show that the Ancient Egyptians perfected this calculation many centuries before it was rediscovered in the Renaissance. The Golden Ratio is a closely guarded secret of many modern day designers, and its use is still prevalent in many different works of art and design.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has left an indelible mark on the world and will continue to have an impact for years to come. By studying their use of mathematics, modern day individuals can gain a greater understanding of Ancient Egypt and how their use of mathematics impacted the modern day world.

## Intricate Hieroglyphs

In addition to their extensive use of mathematics, the Ancient Egyptians were also adept at creating intricate hieroglyphs. This form of communication was used to describe their knowledge and understanding of mathematics and geometry. Hieroglyphics provided insight into the Ancient Egyptians’ understanding of mathematics and geometry and how it impacted their everyday lives.

The Ancient Egyptians believed that hieroglyphics were a form of communication that was sacred and could only be used by the highest classes. By studying hieroglyphics, it is possible to gain a greater sense of how mathematics and geometry impacted the Ancient Egyptians and how their work has been recognized and studied throughout the centuries.

Hieroglyphics were also used to record Ancient Egyptians’ scientific and mathematical discoveries. Through careful studies of the hieroglyphic system, modern day individuals can gain a better sense of how mathematics and geometry were used in Ancient Egypt and how the Ancient Egyptians understood the complexities of calculations.

The hieroglyphic system was also used to create 3D visualisations of objects and structures. By using advanced geometry, the Ancient Egyptians were able to create complex plans for their monuments, such as the pyramids, which are still studied today.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of hieroglyphics provides a fascinating insight into the development of mathematics and geometry. By studying hieroglyphics, individuals can gain a greater understanding of the Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics and its impact on modern-day life.

## Evolution of mathematics

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has had an immense impact on the development of modern mathematics. By studying their use of mathematics, modern day individuals can gain a greater understanding of how mathematics has evolved over time and how their work impacts our lives today.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has led to the development of more advanced tools for mathematical calculations. Through the use of computers, modern day individuals are now able to calculate and solve equations with ease. This is a testament to the Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics and how their work has shaped the advancement of mathematics over centuries.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has also led to the development of new and more advanced forms of mathematics. By studying their use of mathematics, modern day individuals can develop a stronger understanding of the various forms of mathematics and how it is used in everyday life.

The mathematics used by Ancient Egyptians has also had an influence on the way modern day mathematicians think. Their use of mathematics to calculate and assess shapes and objects has inspired many modern-day mathematicians and has been used to create new and more advanced mathematical theories and formulas.

The Ancient Egyptians’ use of mathematics has truly left an indelible mark on the history of mathematics and the development of modern day mathematics. By studying the use of mathematics by the Ancient Egyptians, modern day individuals can gain a greater appreciation of the significance of mathematics and its impact on our lives today.